One of India’s prominent hardware company HCL Infosystems recently unveiled their first HCL ‘Ultrasmart ME UltrabookTM’ that is called the ‘HCL Ultrasmart ME Series 3074’.
The company revealed some of its key features in the press release. The HCL Ultrabook generates its power by Intel 3rd Gen i3 Core processor that allows super-responsive auto-resume taking less than five seconds.
This Ultrabook weighs 1.7 kg only and therefore is very light. It has a 14-in WXGA display that is LED Backlit. It provides a 1366 x 768 HD resolution that provides great graphics and media performance. It is available in a bright metallic grey finish that also features a 2x2W innovative sound system and also a multi-gesture touchpad that is built-in.
Other than its Intel processor it packs in Windows 7 Home Premium /Basic and also Professional for enterprises. It features Intel 3rd Gen HM77 Chipset, Intel HD 4000 graphics, a 4 GB DDR3 RAM memory that can be upgraded to 8GB. It provides an internal hard-disk storage space of 500 GB 7200RPM Hard Disk Drive and 32 GB SSD, a (3.0/2.0) USB connectivity, a 1.3 Megapixel VGA camera, 4.0 Bluetooth and integrated Wi-Fi. Furthermore, this laptop comes with a price tag of Rs. 51,990.
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HP has announced the launch of its thinnest All-in-One Desktop, The Spectre One. It will have Microsoft’s latest operating system Windows 8.
Spectre One is a 23.6 inched desktop which an overall thickness of 11.5mm. The lack of a touch screen is made up by the wireless track pad which delicately executes all the features of Windows 8.
Notable features of the device are:
Processor: it will be powered by Ivy Bridge processors
RAM: it comes with a huge 6 GB RAM.
HDD: The secondary memory has a space of 750 GB or 1TB
Graphics card: Spectre One will also accommodate a 1GB Nvidia graphics card.
Software: It will come with Adobe Photoshop suit bundled with other Premiere Elements software.
It also includes Beats Audio and HP TrueVision camera.
Another important feature of the desktop is also NFC enabled which makes it possible to work with devices enabled with NFC.
So after configuring the bundled apps, users can automatically log into Windows 8 automatically by tapping a NFC enabled phone to the base.
The AiO is expected to arrive at the US markets on November 14. The price tag is supposed to be around $1299(approximately Rs 72,900 INR). Its availability in India, till now has not been confirmed.
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The ACi brand from UK will be launching their new range of economically priced laptops in India by the end of June this year. The laptops will be marketed in India under the Allied Computers International Ltd. The laptops will be priced as low as INR 4999 exclusive of taxes.
Mr Hirji Patel, who is the Managing Director of Allied Computers, has declared that this revolutionary laptop will soon be available in the showrooms across India. He added that the device supports all Windows features and is a fully loaded machine.
The Aci brand has been a much favored brand in UK when it comes to reasonably priced laptops. The company was established in May 2002 and has been catering to the needs of the UK customers since then. They have come up with some really innovative designs and plan to venture into the Indian market with the soon to be launched 10 inch screen economy laptop. Other models include the Intel i3 processor laptop that is priced at INR 19,900 and another higher economy model at INR 9,999.
Depending on the success of the economy range laptops, the company will decide on marketing its gaming laptop in India for INR 49,999. The laptop runs on an Intel i7 processor and is equipped with 32 GB of RAM for the ultimate gaming experience. No company has offered 32 GB of RAM in India up till now so it is expected that the performance hungry gamers will definitely be interested in this model.
Coming back to the economy model, Mr. Patel added that the company will be maintaining a very thin profit margin and won’t be compromising on the quality of the laptop due to its price. The machines will be imported from China and will be rechecked before selling them in India.
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It is after being at the top for more than 50 years; the CPU has got some competition from an upstart that is called the SoC. It was for decades that one could go into a shop and very confidently could pick up a computer based on the CPU but now, everywhere from smart phones to tablets and also in some laptops, we find SoCs. But this is not a matter of concern as SoCs and CPUs are actually very similar and almost all that we know about CPU can also be applied to SoC. Now the question is what a CPU is. The answer lies in that in spite of so much stress on the CPU performance and technology, it is actually a very fast calculator. It obtains data from the memory and performs some type of arithmetic or logical operation on the acquired data. The more complex or the more expensive the CPU is the more data it can process and the faster is the computer. A CPU is not a personal computer, a framework of other silicon chips are needed for that. It should include a memory so as to grasp the data, an audio chip to interpret and intensify music, a graphics processor to draw pictures and other small components which have vital tasks to play.
The next is what a SoC is. The full name of which is system on a chip integrates almost all the elements into one single silicon chip. A SoC along with CPU contains a graphics processor, USB controller, memory, wireless radios and power management circuits. A CPU cannot work without dozens of chips, it is possible to make complete computers with only one single SoC. Now let us find out the difference between a CPU and a SoC. The first advantage is the size of the SoC. A SoC is just a bit large as compared to a CPU and contains much more functionality. If one uses a CPU, it is hard to build a computer which is smaller than 10 cm squared due to the number of chips that are required to squeeze in. While on the other hand, by making use of a SoC, one can put complete computers into tablets and smart phones and still can have plenty of room for batteries.
Due to high level of integration and much shorter wiring, SoC makes use of less power. This is a plus point when it comes to mobile computing. So cutting down the number of chips is also indicative that it is much cheaper to make a computer using a SoC. However, the disadvantage of a SoC is complete lack of flexibility. With the PC one can put in a new GPU, CPU or RAM at any point of time but the same cannot be done for a smart phone. So in the future, one might be able to buy a SoC which can be slot in but as everything is integrated it will be expensive and wasteful if more RAM is added to it.
So SoCs are the next step after CPUs. It seems as if the SoCs will consume the CPUs which are already seen with Intel’s Ivy Bridge and AMD’s Llano CPUs, which integrate PCI Expresses, memory controller and a graphics processor into the same chip. The market for general purpose CPUs will always be there. Wearable devices and mobile are the future of computers and so are the SoCs. So this is what is gathered so far.
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It is the 30th birthday of ZX Spectrum which is one of the most famous home computers that are ever made and is probably the most important factor in the making of the IT industry in UK. The ZX Spectrum which is made by Sinclair Research in Cambridge is usually considered the UK equivalent of the Commodore 64 which is US made. Hardware wise it is remarkable. There is a Zilog Z80A CPU of 8 bits, a graphics chip which gives an output of 32 columns by 24 rows with 15 colours and 48 or 16 Kb of RAM. At just $200, the ZX Spectrum was cheap. Despite the cost being just a fraction of its contemporaries, it had comparable functionality.
Sinclair Research from the beginning knew that it wanted the ZX Spectrum to be very cheap and for this reason every component was engineered with penny pinching in mind. The circuit board was kept small and dense which resulted to a very supple chassis. Instead of using a keyboard of conventional type, a rubber chicklet island keyboard was used. It was wrapped in a plastic and was of 550 grams, compared to the 1.8 kg Commodore 64 and 3.7 kg BBC micro. In short, this was just engineered better than the contemporaries like the iPhone, except Apple uses the supply line advantage to squeeze out profits rather than the prices. The ZX Spectrum would sale five million pieces which is not at all bad when it is considered that there are only 30 million homes in UK. So even after 30 years being hammered by Moore’s law and accounting for inflation, there are few home computers which are sold at a lower price than the ZX Spectrum.
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Intel has recently upgraded a new data conversion system by using the most sophisticated technology to improve the speed of the data transfer rate via computers, laptops, tablet digital units, and television sets. More specifically, the company has redefined the data conversion process by applying the innovative technology which is supposed to hit the market by 2015.
In a press release, one of the official spokespersons of Intel has told journalists that this new data conversion system can be used to bring the speed to transfer digital data to other electronic systems like television sets, infotainment system, set-top boxes and laptops. The highest speed to transfer data of Thunderbolt data conversion process is 50 gigabits per second within the limited radius of 100 meters. In New York, Jeff who is believed to be the director of circuits at Intel Labs is very optimistic about the future prospect of Thunderbolt which will be launched after few years to help the online browsers to pull up information and transfer data from one system to another at high speed. Even Thunderbolt is active to transfer data via smart and super phones. You can even transfer video files and digital data to other systems within short span of time. It is more efficient than current intercom networking system. Intel has uprgraaded the technology in unison with Apple. Those who like to do work via computer, it will be an excellent job to reduce burden of trouble in choosing the Thunderbolt data conversion system.
Finally, according to experts, this sophisticated data conversion system is also cost effective and capable of helping people to transfer data up to 10 gigabits in twinkling of an eye. Silicon insulated accessories are used to manufacture Thunderbolt data transfer cable and other tools for ensuring trouble free communication. Thunderbolt will be available in the international market by the end of 2015.
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Relevance of core & thread
In respect of computer processing terms such as cores and threads are likely to feature. The relevance of core processor and elements distinguishing the same from threads are some of the leading concepts to mark the area of software processing.
Features of core processor/what necessitated the same
Core processor of computers bears direct relations to the prospect of its clocking frequency. Bearing in mind the relevance of clocking frequency; the hardware developers went in for chip manufacturing to add to its frequency and speed. By means of fabrication they added to the number of chip bearing transistors. It was necessitated by the requisite demand for speed. However chips so fabricated added to frequency up to a certain limit. It could not go beyond its limiting thermal potential. Frequencies hitting the thermal defense prevented the addition of chips and transistors. As a solution to the given drawback the concept of processor core came into being. Involving the addition of a number of chips to the same circuit; the processor core came into being. Known by the tag of multiple core processor; it generally involves the independent functioning of each core. Secondly it also contributes to multitasking. Though each of them functions independently; they are marked by sharing of common resources. Processor core is marked by the presence of independent caches; with each cache featuring in a core cluster. Some of the earlier cores on the other hand are marked by the independent existence of one common cache.
What is thread? /thread processor
Thread is a part of the processor. It relates to the cluster of instructions provided to the core processor. It is also marked by programming sequences. Instructions given to core processor as thread inputs are processed thereafter by core. Thread thus stands out as a set of software inputs. Singular unit of thread is liable to be broken down into multiplicities of thread. Leading to the creation of thread processor with a multiple base; the same can be guided into core processor as necessary input base.
Difference between core & Thread
While core relates to the area of hardware; thread boils down to software application. Core pertains to the hardware mechanism; but thread is the software message attributed to core for its due performance. While core pertains to the central processing unit; thread pertains to instructions resulting in its overall functionality. To go down to the basics; core with its integrated collection of chips; are outwardly visible; while threads of instructions are not externally visible. The combined effort of both contributes to overall enhancement of performance. The ones related to software development can add cutting edges to core processing by devising necessary software based core instructions. To sum it all up, it can be said that while core is the skeletal basis of a computer; thread pertains to the functioning of its brain.
Ways by which threads are shared
By means of multiple threading and hyper threading; threads are shared amongst the numerous core processors. Sometimes the prospect of sharing is simultaneous; in the sense two threads may simultaneously act as input bases of two cores. It depends on the parameter specifications of given processors. It usually happens in a processor worth 8 specifications that eight threads are acting as the input base of eight core processors at the same time.
Some of the leading varieties of core processors
Processors of the Pentium4 or Intel4 varieties involve the use of ‘processor cache’. While Pentium4 had only one core processor; core processors of the Intel variety is marked by the presence of more than one processor. There may be as many as eight processors depending on its respective potentiality.
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While going to buy a laptop one is usually confused wondering which would be better Intel or AMD. One may get a laptop with latest looks and features but what is important is the machine that lies underneath. The market is all flooded with the most popular AMD and Intel processors which make it difficult for customers to make a choice. In this new generation, more and more laptop manufacturers have come out with unique features which make it really tough to choose between the two.
In general, customers while buying laptops would look for two major aspects, one is its specification and the other is its price. Customers forget to look at the small sticker that appears on the laptop which tells us about the manufacturing company of the processor. Both the processors Intel and AMD have their own advantages and disadvantages. The basic difference between the two is the price. The AMD processor is priced less than the one with Intel Processor. However, the market is at present dominated by Intel which may be due to their marketing and product awareness. Another vital difference between the two is the laptop battery power consumption. It has been proved that machines based on Intel have better battery consumption than that of AMD which means Intel machines make use of battery power more efficiently.
However, those who are game enthusiasts, the thing which matters them most is how the size of the video or graphic card. It is found out that AMD machines have much quality graphic cards as compared to the Intel. This implies that if the customer is a gamer then he should go for an AMD laptop. So in case of games AMD is a better option over Intel. In the same time Intel cannot be overlooked. It has recently stormed market with its phenomenal ‘Core i’ series. So it is recommended that one should select between the two depending upon their personal use.
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This is one of the most frequently asked questions and the answer to which is not definite. In other words we can say that the answer to this particular question depends upon the use of our computer. There are a minimum of three situations which lead us to leave the computer on for 24 hours. If one wants the computer to be backed up or upgrade then it has to be left on for the whole day. In another case, if a machine is used as a server it has to be on all day. That is to say if the machine works as a print server, file server or web server on the internet then one have to leave the computer on for 24 hours. Again, if one is running anything like SETI@home and one needs to produce as many results as possible, the computer is to be left on.
If one does not fall in these categories then he has a choice of either putting it on whole day or keeping it off. The first and foremost reason for turning off a computer is being economic. A PC consumes about 300 watts and if a computer is kept on without any work then it is wastage of energy. This can be minimised by turning off the hard disk and the monitor when it is not in use. However, turning the computer on and off stresses the components of the computer. An example can be cited to prove this. When a CPU chip runs it becomes quite hot and when the machine is turned off it cools down. This expansion and contraction may have some effect on the joints that hold the chip in place and also on the chip itself. If this is the case than TV should have similar problem as it also contains almost all the components of a computer. However the TV is never on for the whole day.
In conclusion, we can say that it completely depends upon the user whether he wants to keep the computer on or off.
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It has been commonly observed that people on the lookout for laptops; generally choose laptops devoid of software package. Renowned brands involved in the manufacture of laptops generally include both the packages- laptops loaded with the original package of Window7 & those without the same. Usually for the hardware package sold options are extended to concerned customers as to the choice of software.
Rather than going for the preloaded option of Window 7; customers are more prone to buying laptops loaded with free dos operating system. Instead of free of cost DOS; others may have equivalent booting system in Linux. Manifold reasons are responsible for guiding buyers away from the purchase of hardware duly loaded with Window 7. First and foremost, cost or buyer’s economy has a substantial role to play in this regard. Hardware configurations only equipped with booting systems are far less expensive than those loaded with genuine software.
For accessibility to Window 7the concerned retailer is expected to cater to the charge of licensing fee. The fee payable to Microsoft on part of the concerned seller is passed on to the buyer. Consequently, when a buyer opts for the version free of the software package; he enjoys the simultaneous benefit in the shape of price reduction.
According to some of the retailers dealing in laptops; most buyers opt for hardware with the booting system of Free Data Operating System. They follow it up with the purchase of DVD bearing the licensed version of Windows7. The licensed version subsequently overwrites the booting system of the hardware. Separate overwriting gives them the requisite option for transferring the same software to another laptop or computer. But, on the other hand, buying laptop loaded with software implies that one can avail of the option for transferability. Besides these reasons, due safeguard from imitated or pirated software can also compel buyers from avoiding preloaded software.
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